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Modi dec8k8 vip withdrawallares victory amid setback to party

真是又酸又臭!看完瞬间回到18岁!没有比它更纯爱的电影了 | 8k8 vip withdrawal | Updated: 2024-07-13 08:51:36

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi is garlanded by senior Bharatiya Janata Party leaders at the party headquarters in New Delhi on Tuesday. MANISH SWARUP / ASSOCIATED PRESS

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared a victory for his ruling party's alliance in the general elections as a "historical feat" while ignoring the setback for his Bharatiya Janata Party.

The BJP, which lost the outright parliamentary majority it had enjoyed during its first two terms, agreed on Wednesday with the allies to form the government.

Official results by Wednesday showed the BJP had secured 240 seats, short of the majority mark of 272, out of the total 543 seats in the lower house of the Indian Parliament.

The National Democratic Alliance led by the BJP won 294 seats, passing the majority mark in parliament, according to the Election Commission of India.

Speaking on Tuesday evening at the BJP headquarters in New Delhi, Modi said: "In our third term, the country will write a new chapter of big decisions. ... This is Modi's guarantee."

He has taken a more positive view on X, declaring his coalition had won a third term, saying, "This is a historical feat in India's history."

Modi is now the second Indian prime minister to win a third consecutive term after Jawaharlal Nehru, the country's first premier after independence in 1947.

Yet, the victorious fanfare could not hide the stunning blow that shattered Modi's image of the most dominant Indian politician in decades, analysts said.

The return to federal coalitions marks a renewed emphasis on cooperative federalism, and the new government will not be able to pursue its centralist agenda of uniformity as the basis of national unity, said Balveer Arora, chairman of the Centre for Multilevel Federalism in New Delhi.

The opposition INDIA alliance, comprising the Indian National Congress and other smaller parties, clinched 233 seats, falling short of the majority mark, as confirmed by the election commission.

The main opposition INC, which dominated India for decades after independence but witnessed a decline in every election over the past 10 years, has secured 99 seats, almost doubling their seats in the 2019 general elections.

Livelihood issues

The decline in the seat tally for the BJP, even in its heartland bastions, shows livelihood issues, such as unemployment and inflation, overcame the appeal to nationalist Hindu identity sentiments, Arora said.

Modi has overseen India's ascent to become one of the world's fastest-growing economies, and its fifth largest, but the most populous country is facing a jobs crisis.

"The underlying economic distress of people in the unorganized sector impacted the election result," economist Arun Kumar told Agence France-Presse.

Moreover, the BJP's oversight of regional political dynamics in candidate selection is largely responsible for its poor performance in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Haryana, Amit Rajendra Dholakia, a professor in the Department of Political Science at The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda in India, told China Daily.

Another reason is the BJP miscalculated the effect of two major issues: the controversial Ram temple and Modi's personal popularity, Dholakia said. Contrary to expectations, these elements failed to sway voters, who were more focused on localized concerns.

Modi's trump card "was his emotional pitch to the Hindus... trying to overcome the negativity around unemployment, inequality, price rises", Kumar said. "That failed because people have reacted to their economic situation, their real issues."

Santosh Mehrotra, a development economist, told AFP, "There is no doubt that India is seeing a job crisis at home."

It needs to create 10 million to 12 million nonfarm jobs to absorb both people entering the economy and its surplus agricultural workers, Mehrotra added.

In addition, Dholakia said the opposition mobilized itself quite well, which further eroded BJP's electoral standing.

The INC, led by Rahul Gandhi, emphasized social welfare measures during its campaign, said Tanvir Aeijaz, an associate professor at Ramjas College, University of Delhi. Most importantly, it managed to keep a good coalition without any bickering, he added.

The writer is a freelance journalist for China Daily.

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